Modern Pylos is a beautiful small seaside town with glorious history. The heart of the town is the central Square of the Three Admirals, busy all day and all night long. It is a meeting point under tall plane trees and their vast shade. One tree is called the "plane of Lykoudis" bearing the name of the man who planted it in 1880, Petros Lykoudis, the former fort guard of Pylos.

At the centre of the square stands the monument of the Battle of Navarino, a work of sculptor Thomopoulos. It is the epicentre of accounts, celebrations and a meeting point. The monument has three sides and each presents the figure of a fleet admiral of the three powers, Britain, France and Russia that fought against the Turkish–Egyptian navy in the naval battle that took place in 1827, namely: Edward Codrington, Henri de Rigny, and L. Heyden. On the base of statue lie two canons, one Ottoman and the other Venetian, symbolizing the civilizations that existed in the region.

Shopping, trade, cultural events, but above all memory and history. The Barrack of Maison, named after the general, hosts the painting collection of the philhellene painter Rene Puaux with themes of the Greek revolt. In the Archaeological Museum, finds from excavations in the area of Pylos that date back to the Neolithic age until the Roman period. Pottery, jewellery, spearheads, gold objects, reliefs portraying animals, objects from the ancient Hellenistic burial ground at Divari, Gialova. Artefacts that stand out are the beautifully painted glass vessels, a gold belt of exceptional craftsmanship, the statues of the Dioskouri and painted representations on pottery.

On route toward Methoni one meets the old aqueduct with arches. Before it, Sphacteria and the lighthouse, Tsichli Baba, and Chelonaki with its treasures. Lush green and rocky islets, they function as a breakwater of the harbour of Pylos. Each one commemorates one of the countries that participated in the Battle of Navarino. In the summer months, tour boats follow the itinerary of the monuments commemorating those that fell in this naval battle. Islet Sphacteria was the theatre of operations and a strategic location in antiquity. A boat ride around it reveals more monuments: Count Santarosa, the great philhellene and minister of national defence of Italy, of Alexis Malle and Paul Marie Bonaparte.

Legendary Nestor and his origin


The journey on the land of Messenia continues, and reaches a unique destination: Pylos or, if you may, Navarino. An ancient city with significant archaeological, historical, and mythical interest. Later, in the Byzantine era it was conquered by the Pannonian Avars ‒ to be precise by the Neo-Avars who named it "Navarino". The islet of Sphaktiria, with its natural beauty opposite the bay protects the city creating the safest natural harbour of the Mediterranean.

Tradition has it that Pylos was founded by legendary Neleus. From Homer we find out that it is the homeland of Nestor; his name means 'the one who returns, who has 'nostos' (nostalgia)". He was a wise consultant and a prudent king. In the Iliad he stands out for his excellent judgment and persuasion, when he advises Achilles in the Trojan War and in the Odyssey he advises Telemachus upon his quest for his father.

Seen from above the ancient bay of Pylos or Navarino is beneath a ridge, Ano Eglianos, where probably the Palace of Nestor was. On Ano Eglianos there are remains of the Early Helladic civilization. The area has a strategic and administrative character since it overlooks Pylos Bay; the continuity of culture and history of the region is evident. In this journey one travels alongside the eminent archaeologists, as those of the American School of Archaeology that study the area from 1912 until today, since there are sections that haven't been investigated yet. Archaeological records confirm that in 1962 a part of the palace was found dating as back as 3,000 years ago!!! And later, in 1964 the Place of Nestor (1300 - 1200 BCE) was discovered, a palace rich in colours and with a spectacular view.

Nestor: Myth and Homer's Interventions


In this land, legendary Nestor – the king of Pylos – has left his marks. Even today we see his house, his way of life. But who was Nestor? A glorious king and warrior who fought against the Lapiths, against the Centaurs, in the Trojan War, joined the Argonauts on the quest of the Golden Fleece and advised Telemachus in the Οdyssey.

In the Iliad, Homer gives him a consulting role. He is presented as a wise orator and a sweet and gentle old man who advises the Achaeans, through autobiographical narrations. His words are epic and experiential. He respects the heroic morality of the warriors and as he rambles on, in essence he is relieving the tension. At the scene of the dispute between Achilles and Agamemnon, his intervention is a reconciling one. He recounts how in the past he had also fought with famous heroes and fierce adversaries. He was a warrior too.

Nevertheless, this king has remained known in history for his Mycenaean palace that even today resonates opulence and inspires admiration. The excavation research astonishes with its findings and the analysis of the colours in the renowned paintings of the palace. Innovative techniques subvert the artistic status quo: egg tempera instead of wet plaster frescoes, purple instead of blue seas and an impressive variety of colours. For example, in the battle scene, analysts showed that the colour was not blue but reddish purple that symbolizes porphureos thanatos, the glorious death for which Homer talks about, thus the re-examination of the material with the use of modern techniques offered a different symbolism. Purple, green and pink are in the palette of the ancient Greeks, sea is represented with purple and their porphyra is official and regal.


Messene Virtual Tour


Messene Virtual Tour



Athens, a modern metropolis, a european capital, a nest for all the Mediterranean cultures. Athens, the meeting point of East and West, the harbor of everyone, who still loves passionately life! There are so many different ways to describe and analyse Athens, that any given effort to do a short depiction of the city is nothing but a try doomed to fail. Nevertheless, we will try to underline some of the main characteristics of the city of Athens. Visit Virtual Tour


Knossos was undeniably the capital of Minoan Crete and is the site of one of the most important and better known palaces of Minoan civilisation. Knossos was inhabited for several thousand years, beginning with a neolithic settlement sometime in the seventh millennium BC, and was abandoned after its destruction in 1375 BC which marked the end of Minoan civilization. It was damaged several times during earthquakes, invasions, and in 1450 BC by the colossal volcanic eruption of Thera, and the invasion of Mycenaeans who used it as their capital, while they were ruling the island of Crete until 1375 BC. Knossos was ruled by the dynasty of King Minos and is connected with thrilling legends, such as the myth of the Labyrinth with the Minotaur. Visit Virtual Tour


Known from the Homeric myth, as the mythical island of Phaeacians where the shipwrecked Odysseus was soothed by princess Nausika, Corfu continues to welcome visitors from all around the world. Be a synchronous Odysseus and follow the new destination of YouGoCulture initiative. Having the Central Corfu and its old town which is in the list of the Unesco World Heritage Sites, a journey begins in the history, the traditions and the unique beauties of the island. Visit Virtual Tour


Situated in continental Greece on Mount Parnassus, Delphi was considered to be one of the most important cities of ancient Greece. It was believed to be home to the goddess Gaia, or Earth, and later to Apollo after slaying Gaia’s son, the snake Python. The Pythian games—similar to the Olympic Games—were held here every four years to honour Apollo’s slaying of the Python dragon. Visit Virtual Tour


A breath away from Athens, the birth place of Eleusinian Mysteries and goddess Demeter challenges you to explore it! Eleusis or Eleusina, as now known, one of the five sacred cities of antiquity enjoys the privilege of being located only thirty kilometers from the historic Athens. But let me refresh it! It could be the privilege of Athens to have so nearby a city full of life and history! Visit Virtual Tour


Even today’s visitors feel that they are in a sacred place as soon as they set foot in the Asklepieion of Epidavros. The place where healing was a religious mystery. The sick were cured by the god Asklepios in their sleep (enkoimesis) or received from him instructions on the therapy they should follow. From the sixth century BC until the end of antiquity, hosts of people resorted to the Sanctuary of Asklepios in expectation that their prayers for healing would be heard and answered by the god. These were patients and pilgrims who arrived there bringing precious votive offerings from all parts of the then-known world. Visit Virtual Tour


Peering over the plain of Argolis, up there from the heights of the acropolis, one comes to terms with the superiority of the Mycenaean civilization. It reached its heyday in the Late Bronze Age (1350 - 1200 BCE) and then disappeared, leaving to eternity its legendary acropolis, built on an inaccessible, rocky hill between two ravines. The footprints of the Atreidai, the mythical royal dynasty, are visible to today's visitor and inspire awe in an era like ours, in which myth meets the history of the most important period of the ancient world. Visit Virtual Tour

Ancient Olympia

What can be said of Olympia and not sound like a cliché? The significance of the archaeological site is self-evident, even if one is not familiar with the fascinating historical details and the political background, which literally span thousands of years. Known to the world as the cradle of the Olympic ideal, this open-air museum of imposing ruins and unique artefacts tells a story of religious piety, fair play, political ambition, and demonstration of power. All the buildings you can still admire were erected to please the gods and send a message to the thousands of visitors who swarmed to the sacred grounds. Walking around the Stadium, the Gymnasium and the Temples of Zeus and Hera – both instrumental in the ritual and competitive part of the Games – modern visitors will be able to understand why the event remained relevant even when the rest of the Ancient World was long dead. As an added bonus to the splendour of the site, the Museum of Olympia boasts some of the most famous works of art produced in the long course of Hellenic culture. Visit Virtual Tour


Travelling in the Messenian land from Mount Taygetus to the coast, our glance dives, following the sunlight dipping onto the Messenian plain. From the mountainous volumes to the fertile valley, the olive groves and herbs, we see a landscape of culture, myth, and history, unfold before our eyes. In the heart of the region of Messenia, one town stands out: Ancient Messene. This "blissful plain" as Homer calls it, became a theatre of war and mythical narrations offering a viewpoint on the past and the present. Visit Virtual Tour