Also called the "Dome", it was the central hall of the Megaron, where the throne of the king was situated. In the heart of the palace complex and the far end of a courtyard (after a porch and an anteroom that lead to an imposing double door), a spacious square room sprawled-out. There, the kings and noblemen would meet for the feasts and the symposiums, accompanied by songs and storytelling. In the centre of the Throne Room there was a round, central hearth build of clay (diameter 3.4 m) with painted decoration, surrounded by four wooden columns that supported the roof and an opening at the roof for the smoke, the oculus.
The royal hearth (hestia in Greek) was situated exactly opposite the throne. Its holy flame was very valuable in the ancient world since it protected the ideals safeguarded inside the house: the family, the care, the sanctuary, the hope of genealogical continuity. The round hearth was a sacred element of the "house", symbolizing the circle of those living and feasting together. Besides, the Mycenaeans worshiped many female deities connected with nature and man's survival in it, as the goddess of houses and fire, Hestia.
In this resplendent room with the hearth and the throne, the walls were decorated by frescoes depicting war scenes, "memories" of the accomplishments of the Mycenaean rulers. Here, important decisions were made, ones that defined the developments in the Greek civilization and lead to the heyday and the decline of the Mycenaeans. On this blood-throne, the generation cursed by the gods, the Atreidai family, ruled through a sequence of murders: Thyestes, Atreus, Agamemnon, Aegisthus, Orestes. Sworn enemies and murderers one of the other, they reigned from the Throne Room of Mycenae and expanded their dominance throughout the ancient world.