The temple was built during the Golden Age of Pericles, part of the Athenian politician's ambitious building project that included the construction of the glorious Parthenon. An inscription confirms that the temple was dedicated to Poseidon, correcting a widespread misconception that lasted until 1900; in his Guide to Greece,thetraveler Pausanias, who visited the area in the second century CE when the sanctuary had declined, linked the temple with goddess Athena.

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Dating to the fifth century BCE, this spectacular monument was an addition to the sacred precinct of Poseidon that already existed in the Archaic period. Archaeologists have unearthed significant votive offerings dating to the sixth century BCE that had been initially placed in the open-air sanctuary and then buried in depositors after its destruction by the Persians in 480 BCE (a representative example can be found in the National Archaeological Museum of Athens: a well-preserved large-scale statue of a young man, the so-called Kourosin ancient Greek). There was in fact a previous limestone temple very similar to the later one preservedtoday, which was left incomplete due to the Persian invasion.

The walled enclosure of the sanctuary was entered through the Propylaea (monumental gateway), a portico divided by two Doric columns, adjacent to which was a room used for ritual feasts as well as a colonnade (stoa) built also in the fifth century BCE. The north and west sides of the sanctuary boasted two colonnades, serving to provide shelter to visitors.

Naturally, the highest point of the sacred area is occupied by the Temple of Poseidon, a peristyral Doric building made of marble from the nearby Agrileza quarries. The columns are almost 20 feet tall and their unique feature of 16 flutes instead of the ordinary 20 must be attributed to the lack of high resilience of the material. This architectural innovation was in all probability based on an effort to minimize the erosion caused by the sea.

The metopes of the temple lacked any sculptural decoration, however the east pediment (at the entrance side) was decorated with statues, of which fragments of a seated female figuresurvive. In addition, there was a continuous frieze in the interior of the pronaos (vestibule at the front, leading to the cella). Extensively eroded today, the frieze was made of white marble from Paros and depicted scenes of the Gigantomachy, the Centauromachy and the Labours of Theseus (fragments are exhibited in the Archaeological Museum at Lavrion).

The statue of Poseidon, of which we have no information, stood at the end of the cella, while the temple's treasury and votive offerings were housed at theopisthodomos(the rear room). Similarities in design and construction methods have led scholars to identify the architect of this temple with the anonymous architect of the temple of Hephaistos at the Athenian agora and the temple Nemesis at Rhamnous.

Gazing upon the endless blue of the sea, the temple of Poseidon has been standing in all its splendor on this privileged spot of the Attic land for countless years. This splendid monument has never seized to constitute a unique symbol of harmonious human and natural creation, a familiar landmark for all sailors and travelers as well as acontinuous source of inspiration for artists, authors and poets alike.


Athens Virtual Tour


Athens Virtual Tour



Athens, a modern metropolis, a european capital, a nest for all the Mediterranean cultures. Athens, the meeting point of East and West, the harbor of everyone, who still loves passionately life! There are so many different ways to describe and analyse Athens, that any given effort to do a short depiction of the city is nothing but a try doomed to fail. Nevertheless, we will try to underline some of the main characteristics of the city of Athens. Visit Virtual Tour


Knossos was undeniably the capital of Minoan Crete and is the site of one of the most important and better known palaces of Minoan civilisation. Knossos was inhabited for several thousand years, beginning with a neolithic settlement sometime in the seventh millennium BC, and was abandoned after its destruction in 1375 BC which marked the end of Minoan civilization. It was damaged several times during earthquakes, invasions, and in 1450 BC by the colossal volcanic eruption of Thera, and the invasion of Mycenaeans who used it as their capital, while they were ruling the island of Crete until 1375 BC. Knossos was ruled by the dynasty of King Minos and is connected with thrilling legends, such as the myth of the Labyrinth with the Minotaur. Visit Virtual Tour


Known from the Homeric myth, as the mythical island of Phaeacians where the shipwrecked Odysseus was soothed by princess Nausika, Corfu continues to welcome visitors from all around the world. Be a synchronous Odysseus and follow the new destination of YouGoCulture initiative. Having the Central Corfu and its old town which is in the list of the Unesco World Heritage Sites, a journey begins in the history, the traditions and the unique beauties of the island. Visit Virtual Tour


Situated in continental Greece on Mount Parnassus, Delphi was considered to be one of the most important cities of ancient Greece. It was believed to be home to the goddess Gaia, or Earth, and later to Apollo after slaying Gaia’s son, the snake Python. The Pythian games—similar to the Olympic Games—were held here every four years to honour Apollo’s slaying of the Python dragon. Visit Virtual Tour


A breath away from Athens, the birth place of Eleusinian Mysteries and goddess Demeter challenges you to explore it! Eleusis or Eleusina, as now known, one of the five sacred cities of antiquity enjoys the privilege of being located only thirty kilometers from the historic Athens. But let me refresh it! It could be the privilege of Athens to have so nearby a city full of life and history! Visit Virtual Tour


Even today’s visitors feel that they are in a sacred place as soon as they set foot in the Asklepieion of Epidavros. The place where healing was a religious mystery. The sick were cured by the god Asklepios in their sleep (enkoimesis) or received from him instructions on the therapy they should follow. From the sixth century BC until the end of antiquity, hosts of people resorted to the Sanctuary of Asklepios in expectation that their prayers for healing would be heard and answered by the god. These were patients and pilgrims who arrived there bringing precious votive offerings from all parts of the then-known world. Visit Virtual Tour


Peering over the plain of Argolis, up there from the heights of the acropolis, one comes to terms with the superiority of the Mycenaean civilization. It reached its heyday in the Late Bronze Age (1350 - 1200 BCE) and then disappeared, leaving to eternity its legendary acropolis, built on an inaccessible, rocky hill between two ravines. The footprints of the Atreidai, the mythical royal dynasty, are visible to today's visitor and inspire awe in an era like ours, in which myth meets the history of the most important period of the ancient world. Visit Virtual Tour

Ancient Olympia

What can be said of Olympia and not sound like a cliché? The significance of the archaeological site is self-evident, even if one is not familiar with the fascinating historical details and the political background, which literally span thousands of years. Known to the world as the cradle of the Olympic ideal, this open-air museum of imposing ruins and unique artefacts tells a story of religious piety, fair play, political ambition, and demonstration of power. All the buildings you can still admire were erected to please the gods and send a message to the thousands of visitors who swarmed to the sacred grounds. Walking around the Stadium, the Gymnasium and the Temples of Zeus and Hera – both instrumental in the ritual and competitive part of the Games – modern visitors will be able to understand why the event remained relevant even when the rest of the Ancient World was long dead. As an added bonus to the splendour of the site, the Museum of Olympia boasts some of the most famous works of art produced in the long course of Hellenic culture. Visit Virtual Tour


Travelling in the Messenian land from Mount Taygetus to the coast, our glance dives, following the sunlight dipping onto the Messenian plain. From the mountainous volumes to the fertile valley, the olive groves and herbs, we see a landscape of culture, myth, and history, unfold before our eyes. In the heart of the region of Messenia, one town stands out: Ancient Messene. This "blissful plain" as Homer calls it, became a theatre of war and mythical narrations offering a viewpoint on the past and the present. Visit Virtual Tour