Initially excavated in 1886, theancient theatre of Thorikos has attracted much attention due to its unusual layout. Its irregular oval auditorium and almost rectangular orchestra, whether reflecting the early date of the theatre or the gradual development of its seating capacity, renders this theatre a unique sample of the architectural evolution of ancient Greek theatres.

The earliest form of the theatre, with just a wall supporting the orchestra and a natural auditorium (koilon) built onto the slope, appears to date back to the sixth century BCE. Since there is no evidence of a stone structure, the stage building (skene) must have been wooden, which is also attested by the twomonolithsbearing post holes in the middle to hold the supporting beams that were found just below the orchestra.

In the fifth century BCE, a second retaining wall to support the orchestra, which was widened into an extended elliptical form, was constructed as were the stone benchesin the lower koilon. A small temple of Dionysus was erected west of the orchestra, where its sparse remains can be foundtoday. Also, a roomhewn out of the rock to the west serving as a storage room (skenotheke) and residence of the priests were built, in addition to a large hall to the east with carved stone benches, probably to hold the civic assemblies of the people of Thorikos. In the fourth century BCE, the theatre was extended in the north, with entrances from the east and west to enable easy access. With the addition of the upper koilon, the theatre could seat an audience of 3,000 people.

Pieces of inscribed marble found nearby record names of sponsors (choregoi) and winning protagonists in dramatic competitions as well as details on the assignment of a choregia, that is the total expenditure for producing a performance of tragedy or comedy undertaken by a wealthy Athenian citizen (known as choregos). All these remnants offerglimpsesthat enable visitors to conjure up the artistic, religious and civic activities that took place at the theatre which was located withinthevibrant ancient settlement of Thorikos.


The ancient settlement of Thorikos


Just north of the modern town of Lavrionlies a plain with sacred olive trees loomed over by an imposing hill with a distinct double summit. It is no wonder that Thorikos, this advantageous place that also stretches east to the sea was inhabited as early as the Neolithic era (4,500 BCE). It evolved into a Mycenaean centre with intensive mining and metallurgic activity and later became one of the 12 settlements (komai) that were unified by Theseus to establish the glorious Athenian city-state only to be abandoned when destroyed by the Roman general Sulla in 86 BCE.

Coined in the Byzantine era, the name Velatouri (derived fromViglaturi meaning watchtower, a Latin compound word, vigla [watch] and turris [tower]), seems a quite fitting name for the towering two peaked hill where the most significant settlement of the ancient demos(district) of Thorikos was located. The slopes of the hillhave been extensively excavated by the Belgian School of Athens since 1963 and revealed valuable finds about the long-standing history of this ancient mining place. It is in Thorikos that the extraction of the silver-bearing lead ores began, dating back to around 3000 BCE.

At the top of the hill, there are traces of houses from the Early and Middle Helladic period (2900-1600 BCE), as well as ruins of a Mycenaean fortified acropolis and five tholos (vaulted) and chamber tombs (1600-1100 BCE). Archaic and Classical graves scattered on the south slopes of the hill in addition to numerousfunerary offerings that have been unearthed demonstrate the continuous inhabitation of the area.

The Classical necropolis (used from 570 to the late fourth century BCE) with the elaborate decorated rectangular stone constructions lies just below the theatre. On the other side, above the theatre, the so-called "industrial quarter" of the settlement has been uncovered. Dwelling houses, galleries, roads, metal-working establishments (there is a restored large ore washery next to the theatre) and mines testify to the existence of a flourishing communityin the fifth and fourth centuries BC.

Among the remains are ruts of carriage wheels and footprints, signs of the everlasting human presence and a contemporary starting point for visitors to follow so as to immerse into the ancient past aided by the eternal natural beauty of the surrounding landscape.


Athens Virtual Tour


Athens Virtual Tour



Athens, a modern metropolis, a european capital, a nest for all the Mediterranean cultures. Athens, the meeting point of East and West, the harbor of everyone, who still loves passionately life! There are so many different ways to describe and analyse Athens, that any given effort to do a short depiction of the city is nothing but a try doomed to fail. Nevertheless, we will try to underline some of the main characteristics of the city of Athens. Visit Virtual Tour


Knossos was undeniably the capital of Minoan Crete and is the site of one of the most important and better known palaces of Minoan civilisation. Knossos was inhabited for several thousand years, beginning with a neolithic settlement sometime in the seventh millennium BC, and was abandoned after its destruction in 1375 BC which marked the end of Minoan civilization. It was damaged several times during earthquakes, invasions, and in 1450 BC by the colossal volcanic eruption of Thera, and the invasion of Mycenaeans who used it as their capital, while they were ruling the island of Crete until 1375 BC. Knossos was ruled by the dynasty of King Minos and is connected with thrilling legends, such as the myth of the Labyrinth with the Minotaur. Visit Virtual Tour


Known from the Homeric myth, as the mythical island of Phaeacians where the shipwrecked Odysseus was soothed by princess Nausika, Corfu continues to welcome visitors from all around the world. Be a synchronous Odysseus and follow the new destination of YouGoCulture initiative. Having the Central Corfu and its old town which is in the list of the Unesco World Heritage Sites, a journey begins in the history, the traditions and the unique beauties of the island. Visit Virtual Tour


Situated in continental Greece on Mount Parnassus, Delphi was considered to be one of the most important cities of ancient Greece. It was believed to be home to the goddess Gaia, or Earth, and later to Apollo after slaying Gaia’s son, the snake Python. The Pythian games—similar to the Olympic Games—were held here every four years to honour Apollo’s slaying of the Python dragon. Visit Virtual Tour


A breath away from Athens, the birth place of Eleusinian Mysteries and goddess Demeter challenges you to explore it! Eleusis or Eleusina, as now known, one of the five sacred cities of antiquity enjoys the privilege of being located only thirty kilometers from the historic Athens. But let me refresh it! It could be the privilege of Athens to have so nearby a city full of life and history! Visit Virtual Tour


Even today’s visitors feel that they are in a sacred place as soon as they set foot in the Asklepieion of Epidavros. The place where healing was a religious mystery. The sick were cured by the god Asklepios in their sleep (enkoimesis) or received from him instructions on the therapy they should follow. From the sixth century BC until the end of antiquity, hosts of people resorted to the Sanctuary of Asklepios in expectation that their prayers for healing would be heard and answered by the god. These were patients and pilgrims who arrived there bringing precious votive offerings from all parts of the then-known world. Visit Virtual Tour


Peering over the plain of Argolis, up there from the heights of the acropolis, one comes to terms with the superiority of the Mycenaean civilization. It reached its heyday in the Late Bronze Age (1350 - 1200 BCE) and then disappeared, leaving to eternity its legendary acropolis, built on an inaccessible, rocky hill between two ravines. The footprints of the Atreidai, the mythical royal dynasty, are visible to today's visitor and inspire awe in an era like ours, in which myth meets the history of the most important period of the ancient world. Visit Virtual Tour

Ancient Olympia

What can be said of Olympia and not sound like a cliché? The significance of the archaeological site is self-evident, even if one is not familiar with the fascinating historical details and the political background, which literally span thousands of years. Known to the world as the cradle of the Olympic ideal, this open-air museum of imposing ruins and unique artefacts tells a story of religious piety, fair play, political ambition, and demonstration of power. All the buildings you can still admire were erected to please the gods and send a message to the thousands of visitors who swarmed to the sacred grounds. Walking around the Stadium, the Gymnasium and the Temples of Zeus and Hera – both instrumental in the ritual and competitive part of the Games – modern visitors will be able to understand why the event remained relevant even when the rest of the Ancient World was long dead. As an added bonus to the splendour of the site, the Museum of Olympia boasts some of the most famous works of art produced in the long course of Hellenic culture. Visit Virtual Tour


Travelling in the Messenian land from Mount Taygetus to the coast, our glance dives, following the sunlight dipping onto the Messenian plain. From the mountainous volumes to the fertile valley, the olive groves and herbs, we see a landscape of culture, myth, and history, unfold before our eyes. In the heart of the region of Messenia, one town stands out: Ancient Messene. This "blissful plain" as Homer calls it, became a theatre of war and mythical narrations offering a viewpoint on the past and the present. Visit Virtual Tour